Foot & Ankle Fractures
An injury to the bone is a broken or fractured ankle. A broken ankle can result from a twisting injury such as a simple slip or fall, or from direct trauma such as a car accident.
The severity of a broken ankle differs. Fractures can range from little fissures in your bones to skin-piercing breaks.
The location and severity of the bone fracture determine the treatment for a broken ankle. To maintain proper posture during healing, a badly broken ankle may require surgery to implant plates, rods, or screws into the damaged bone.
You may be at higher risk of a broken ankle or foot if you:
- Participate in high-impact sports. The stresses, direct blows and twisting injuries that occur in sports such as basketball, football, gymnastics, tennis and soccer can cause ankle fractures.
- Use improper technique or sports equipment. Faulty equipment, such as shoes that are too worn or not properly fitted, can contribute to stress fractures and falls. Improper training techniques, such as not warming up and stretching, also can cause ankle injuries.
- Suddenly increase your activity level. Whether you're a trained athlete or someone who's just started exercising, suddenly boosting the frequency or duration of your exercise sessions can increase your risk of a stress fracture.
- Keep your home cluttered or poorly lit. Walking around in a house with too much clutter or too little light may lead to falls and ankle injuries.
- Have certain conditions. Having decreased bone density (osteoporosis) can put you at risk of injuries to your ankle bones.
- Smoking. Cigarette smoking can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis. Studies also show that healing after a fracture may take longer in people who smoke.
Diagnosis & Treatment
Dr. Bhavya Shah will examine your ankle to check for points of tenderness. The precise location of your pain can help determine its cause.
He may move your foot into different positions to check your range of motion. You may be asked to walk for a short distance so that he can examine your gait.
If your signs and symptoms suggest a break or fracture, your doctor may suggest one or more of the following imaging tests.
- Bone scan
- Computerized tomography (CT)
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Treatments for a broken ankle and foot will vary, depending on which bone has been broken and the severity of the injury. you can do madication or therapy for cure this
Surgical or other procedures
- Reduction. If you have a displaced fracture, meaning the two ends of the fracture are not aligned well, your doctor may need to manipulate the pieces back into their proper positions. This process is called reduction. Depending on the amount of pain and swelling you have, you may need a muscle relaxant, a sedative or a local anesthetic to numb the area before this procedure.
- Immobilization. A broken bone must be immobilized so that it can heal. In most cases, this requires a special boot or a cast.
- Surgery. In some cases, an orthopedic surgeon may need to use pins, plates or screws to maintain proper position of your bones during healing. These materials may be removed after the fracture has healed if they are prominent or painful.